Congratulations to the 2009-2010 Seed Grant Award Recipients! Scroll down to see project abstracts.
How Immigrants and their Children Fare at Different Destinations
Yao Lu (Department of Sociology)
Neeraj Kaushal (School of Social Work)
The objective of this proposal is to develop research to study how immigrants and their children from the same countries of origin fare at different destinations. We will study outcomes for immigrants from major sending countries at two destinations: Canada and the US. The proposed seed grant will be used to develop a research proposal that will be submitted to the NIH to study: (i) the characteristics of recent immigrants to examine how immigration policies and economic opportunities at the two destinations affect immigrant inflows, i.e. characteristics of recent immigrants, (ii) the employment, earnings, health insurance, health behaviors, and health outcomes (and the trajectories of these outcomes with time-since-immigration) of immigrants from various sending countries at the two destinations (taking account of the differential characteristics of the two streams of immigrants as described in (i)), and (iii) how children of immigrants with similar characteristics fare at the two destinations in terms of their educational attainment, earnings, health behaviors, and health outcomes. Findings from this research will provide important insights into how structural and institutional differences in the labor market and the health sector, and economic opportunities and integration policies at the two destinations affect immigrant selection, trends, and outcomes. The seed grant will be used to further develop the research proposal, identify and obtain suitable datasets, and conduct preliminary analyses that will be included in the grant application to the NIH to elaborate the potential contributions and merits of the research proposal.
Immigration, Assimilation and Nutrition: Changes in Diet of South Asian and West African Recent Immigrants to New York City
Anne Paxton (Epidemiology and Population and Family Health)
Sharon Akabas (Pediatrics)
Aravind Pillai (Global Health Track)
The goal of the project for which we are seeking funding is to preserve the healthful aspects of the traditional diet, and assist in the adoption of the most healthful aspects of an American diet, in recent immigrants to New York City from South Asia and West Africa. These two under-researched immigrant groups are at increased risk of obesity and diabetes, yet knowledge on dietary changes in these populations after immigration is limited. We will conduct approximately 20 in-depth interviews with recent (<5 years), adult immigrants from South Asian and 20 in-depth interviews with recent, adult immigrants from West Africa. The seed grant will inform the development of a survey for a cross sectional study of changes in dietary patterns and health status of recent immigrant families to New York City from South Asia and West Africa. The cross-sectional study will then serve as the baseline for a longitudinal study of changes in dietary practices and health of South Asian and West African immigrant families to the United States.